Punttuka and hitz muturrak
The "game" of "punttuka" is highly prized by bertsularis. This exercise
enables them to "relax" a little. It involves creating one or two verses
with 2, 3 or 4 improvisers. Each improviser only sings one verse at a
On the other hand, "Hitz muturrak" is much more complicated.
The master of ceremonies gives each bertsulari four words with the same
Example: indar - oldar -
abar - lapar or in English: fire - desire - tire -
The bertsulari must spontaneously compose a verse with these four words
that makes sense.
Sometimes, the master of ceremonies sings the first verse and the
bertsulari improvises three or even four in order to create a stanza. The
following audio extract illustrates this.
Verses by Xalbador sung by Xabier Amuriza
First verse given by the master of ceremonies: "Gauaz eta egunaz beti
ametsetan..." ("Both during the day and at night always
Windows Media Player (116 ko)
Format Realplayer (174 ko)