In Basque literature
The versification of poems by Bernard Detchepare, author of the first
book printed in Basque "Linguae Vasconum Primitae" (1545), bears witness to
the techniques of improvisation.
Manuscripts of verses written about the life of Basque fishermen in
Newfoundland "Ternuaco penac" (18th century)
In the 17th century, two Basque authors (at least) evoke the presence of
When Allande Oihenart wrote: "How the Basques have an inclination for
poetry", he was obviously talking about improvisation. Joanes Etxeberri de
Ciboure even began his "Manual Devotionezkoa" (1627) with a verse.
In the 18th century, and although we cannot be sure whether they were
themselves improvisers, the influence of improvisation is significant on
authors like Baxterretxea (1700-1761), Meagher (1703-1772), Robin
(1738-1821), Salvat Monho (1751-1821), and in his play, Pedro Ignacio de
Barrutia (1682-1759) also refers to an improviser.