2005-09-05 16:34
Azken aldaketak: 2005-09-14 01:38
Itzultzailea: María Verónica Barzola

Role of Euskara

At present, Euskara has an important presence and it is the main language throughout the province of Gipuzkoa; the eastern half of Bizkaia; some districts in the north of Araba (Aramaiona valley); the north of Nafarroa; and almost all of the Continental Basque Country.
The Basque Parliament considers it necessary to develop legislation in relation to the normalisation of the use of Euskara in order to advance with the initiatives to normalise the use of Euskara. In this context, on 6th May 1997, Euskal Gizarte Erakundeen Kontseilua (Council of Social Bodies of Euskara) was created, with the objective of reaching a citizen and social agreement in favour of the normalisation of Euskara in all environments.

What does EGA stand for?

It stands for Euskararen Gaitasun Agiria. It is a qualification which accredits knowledge of Euskara in both written and oral comprehension and expression.

What does the exam to obtain the EGA consist of?

The exams are based on 3 parts:

1. Preliminary exam: the exam consists of 100 multiple choice questions, 75 of which must be answered correctly in order to pass the exam. The first 15 refer to a recording which is listened to at that time. One hour is then given to answer the remaining 85 questions.

2. Written exam: consists of four sections:

  • Composition: two subjects will be given for the candidate to choose from to write a text of at least 300 words.
  • Restructuring sentences: ten sentences must be restructured to complete other equivalent ones; partial sentences given as a reference will be used for this purpose.
  • Synonyms: each of the ten sentences of the section contains an underlined word and the candidate must find an appropriate synonym for each of them.
  • Written comprehension: after reading the proposed text the candidate must answer ten multiple choice questions.

3. Oral exam: contains two main sections:

  • Oral comprehension test: it is carried out on the same day as the written exam. The candidate will have three minutes at the start of the test to read the five initial questions. They will then hear the corresponding text only once before answering.
  • Oral expression: the candidate will have several minutes to give their opinion on a subject and to answer the questions they are asked.

Programmes aimed at the Diaspora

Euskaltegis (Basque language schools)


Coordinator of Conversion to Euskara and Literacy. It covers the teaching of Euskara to adults. Its work consists of teaching Euskara and promoting its use, providing an offer for this purpose which is aimed at promoting Basque culture.

List of Euskaltegis

Udal Euskaltegiak

Courses offered by the municipal Euskaltegis

The Euskaltegis of the coordinator IKA which are in Nafarroa and Araba offer different courses to satisfy your needs.


Autonomous body which works for the conversion to Euskara and literacy of adults carried out by the Euskaltegis.

Stays in homes of Basque-speaking families
Over the summer months you have the possibility of living with a Basque-speaking family and being able to put into practice everything you have learned. You will also have the opportunity to discover the Basque culture first hand and the way of life of towns which make up the Basque geography.

Official Language Schools

Documentation required:

The students who register for the first time as free or official students will have to present the following documents:

  • DNI (photocopy) if you have Spanish nationality. (Essential)
  • Passport (photocopy) if you are a foreigner.
  • Graduado Escolar (Primary Education) Certificate or Certificate of equivalent or higher studies.
  • Documents which accredit free status (photocopy) in the event you have a right to claim it.
  • The envelope which includes the registration forms duly filled out. Students who wish to register in two or more languages can do so on the same form, for which they will only need one registration envelope.


The Aptitude Certificate in Basque language obtained in the Official Language Schools of the Basque Autonomous Community is validated with the EGA qualification.

List of Official Language Schools in Euskal Herria




Vitoria Official Language School

C/ Portal de Lasarte, 23 Vitoria-Gasteiz 01007

Tel: 945 13 90 46/945 14 64 56 (answer machine)

Fax: 945 14 49 45



Amara Berri I.P.

Plza. Ferrerías nº 6.

Donostia 20011

Telephone: 943 458550

Fax: 943 464013


Bilbao Official Language School

Plaza de San Pedro, 5 - CP: 48014

Tel: 944.75.49.72 / 944.47.21.98

Fax: 944.76.22.36

www.eoi-bilbo.net E-mail: secretaria@eoi-bilbo.net

Getxo Official Language School

Plaza de las Escuelas, s.n. - LAS ARENAS. 48930 (Getxo).

Tel: 94.480.52.38 and 94.480.52.39

Fax: 94.480.11.23


E-Mail: 014865aa@hezkuntza.net

Barakaldo Official Language School

C/ Juan de Garai, s/n. - CP: 48901 BARAKALDO (Bizkaia)

Tel: 94 438 35 40 - 94 438 28 14

Fax: 94 438 05 17


E-Mail: eoibarakaldo@gaztenet.com


San Sebastián Official Language School

Zemoria, 24 20013 Donostia-San Sebastián

Tel. 943-286312

Fax 943-293690


E-Mail: info@eoidonheo.org

Eibar Official Language School

C/ Jardines, 3. - CP: 20600 Eibar

Tel: 943 200618 / 200648

Fax: 943 200678


E-Mail: eoieibar@euskalnet.net


Irún Official Language School

C/ Alcaldía de sacas, 13. CP: 20305

Tel: 943-623381

Fax: 943-624980

www.eoirun.com E-mail: e.o.i.irun@euskalnet.net


Pamplona Official Language School

C/ Compañía, nº 6


E-mail: www.pnte.cfnafarroa.es/eoip/

Barnetegis/Live-in Schools

The Barnetegis or Live-in schools offer the possibility of learning Euskara intensively. Furthermore, in the Euskaltegis you will find courses in line with your level and adapted to cover your needs.

Normalisation of the Language for Schools www.ullibarri.info

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