University of Nevada, Reno

Center for Basque Studies
Occasional Papers Series


Published by the Center for Basque Studies. To order contact the Center for Basque Studies (775.784.4854) or you may request titles from any major book dealer, who will obtain them on order if they are not in stock.

 

The Transformation of National Identity in the Basque Country of France, 1789-2006

by Igor Ahedo Gurrutxaga

(Occasional Papers Series, no. 15)

 

The Transformation of National IdentityThe emergence of modern France is typically cited as the prime example of a strong model of state construction. At the same time, the Basque Country is renowned for its own distinct identity. This work demonstrates how feelings of national identity have changed over the last two hundred years in Iparralde, or the Basque Country of France. It charts how the construction of the French state involved imprinting a French national identity on that part of the Basque Country within its borders. This was a lengthy process, beginning with the French Revolution and culminating in France’s involvement in twentieth-century world and colonial wars, and involved creating and disseminating a French national mythology while at the same time denying any strong feelings of Basque particularity. The author then shows how a distinct sense of Basque national identity resurfaced in the 1960s with the first overtly politicized Basque nationalist movement in Iparralde and how, by the turn of the millennium, different political forces were competing to articulate diverse notions of national attachment, with territory forming a central feature of Basque nationalist claims to people’s primary identity.

 

399 pp., index; paper (ISBN 978-1-877802-79-9) $29.95; hardcover (ISBN 978-1-877802-78-2) $39.95.


Basque Nationalism and Political Violence: The Ideological and Intellectual Origins of ETA

by Cameron Watson

(Occasional Papers Series, no. 14)

 

Basque Nationalism and Political ViolenceThis work seeks to interrogate the relationship between ideas and action through a historical account of how images of violence and warfare pervaded the discourse of Basque nationalism—principally through the parameters of the hegemonic Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV or Basque Nationalist Party)—from its foundation in the 1890s through the mid-twentieth century. Ultimately, it argues that a culture of political violence emerged within the Basque nationalist movement that eventually resulted in the creation of ETA (Euskadi ta Askatasuna, Basque Country and Freedom) in 1959. However, the undertone of violent struggle in substate Basque nationalism was itself a response to the aggressive statist nationalism of Spain, a country whose problematic transition to modernity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries engendered multiple forms of social, political, and structural violence within its own borders and beyond. The work views Basque political violence, then, as the contemporary manifestation of a past cultural experience, based on a problematic dialogue with the emergence of modern Spain. Yet it does not limit its explanation of ETA’s emergence to the Spanish context alone. Rather, it emphasizes the transnational context in which nationalist movements emerge and develop. Specifically, in the Basque case, and at varying times, the national struggles of Cuba, Morocco, and Ireland were extremely influential. Moreover, the immediate origins of ETA were strongly influenced by postWorld War II intellectual currents, from existentialism to the liberating theories of anticolonial nationalist movements.

 

332 pp., index; paper (ISBN 978-1-877802-76-8), $29.95; hardcover (ISBN 978-1-877802-75-1), $39.95.


Robert Laxalt, the Voice of the Basques in American Literature

by David Río; translated by Kristin Addis

(Occasional Papers Series, no. 13)

 

Robert LaxaltRobert Laxalt (1923–2001), an American-born writer of French Basque descent, is the literary spokesperson of the Basque Americans. With his novels and non-fiction works on the Basques of the American West, and especially his highly successful and influential Sweet Promised Land, Laxalt ended the literary and even social invisibility of Basque immigrants in the U.S., rescuing them from silence and oblivion. His works served to highlight the figure of the Basque sheepherder in the American West, establishing him as a literary archetype. Laxalt will be remembered for his several works set in the Basque Country as well, where he explores his roots and masterfully depicts the traditional way of life in the land of his ancestors. The present volume is the first book-length treatment of the life and work of Robert Laxalt, analyzing his representation of the varied settings, characters, motives, and themes employed by the author to portray both Old and New World Basque cultural reality.

 

192 pp., photos, index; paper (ISBN 978-1-877802-71-3) $24.95.


The Origins, Ideology, and Organization of Basque Nationalism, 1876–1903

byJavier Corcuera Atienza; translated by Albert Bork and Cameron J. Watson.

(Occasional Papers Series, no. 12)

 

Origins, Ideology and Organization of Basque NationalismBasque nationalism emerged in the aftermath of a bitter civil conflict that had led to the abolition of Basque regional or foral rights in 1876, and specifically in the rapidly industrializing Bilbao of the early 1890s. In this seminal work, first published in Spanish in 1979 and revised for a second edition in 2001, Javier Corcuera charts the emergence and rise of nationalism within the context of a society experiencing tremendous economic, social and political transformation. He focuses on the figure of Sabino Arana, the founder of Basque nationalism, arguing that he evolved from a traditionalist-inspired and quasi religious messianic vision of outright independence to a position of accommodation of Basque difference within Spain. This so-called Hispanicist evolution was, in Corcuera's opinion, the result of contact with another current, emanating from Bilbao's modern, industrial bourgeoisie, that emphasized a more pragmatic vision of Basque nationalism based on securing as much regional power as possible while remaining within the Spanish state. Here, then, lay the origins of the internal tensions that would come to define the subsequent development of the PNV or Basque Nationalist Party. 

 

524 pp., index; paper (ISBN 978-1-877802-68-3) $29.95; hardcover (ISBN 978-1-877802-77-5) $39.95.


States of Terror: Begoña Aretxaga’s Essays

 

by Begoña Aretxaga

edited by Joseba Zulaika; Introduction by Kay B. Warren; Prologue and Epilogue by Joseba Zulaika

(Occasional Papers Series, 10)


States of TerrorStates of Terror is the posthumous work by Begoña Aretxaga (1960–2002). Her ability for bringing to the situation at hand the experiences and sights of other times and places is at the root of her creativity. Aretxaga was interested in the cultural politics of state violence and the formation of political subjectivities. Research for her essays focused on gender and political violence in Northern Ireland as well as nationalism among Basque youth.

 

2005, paper, $24.95, 325 pages; bibliography; index. (ISBN 1-877802-57-3).


Oteiza’s Selected Writings

Joseba Zulaika, ed.

(Occasional Papers Series, 9),

 

OteizaOteiza was one of the principal artists and art theorists of the twentieth century. The radical deconstructionism of his formal "disoccupations" of space, considered by many a precursor of minimalism, won him the 1957 Grand International Prize for Sculpture at the Sao Paolo Biennial, the most coveted prize for a sculptor at the time. Soon afterward, however, he concluded, "I no longer need my statues. I am no longer a sculptor."

Oteiza then staged a second career, as influential as the first, as an art theorist, urbanist, architect, and cultural agitator, becoming a shamanic and controversial figure. His relentless aesthetic education of the Basques laid the cultural groundwork for the building of the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. A precursor of "the end of art" and the ethnographic turn, Oteiza has been heralded by Frank Gehry and Richard Serra as one of the fundamental artists of our time.

Oteiza's Selected Writings presents portions of this theoretical work to the English-speaking world. His radical voice restores the integrity of the historical avante-garde while offering a challenging counterpoint to the neo-avante-garde movements that he anticipated.

 

2004, $25.95 (paper).


Amatxi, Amuma, Amona: Writings in Honor of Basque Women

Linda White and Cameron Watson, eds.,

(Occasional Papers Series, 8)

 

Amatxi, Amuma, AmonaThis publication brings together 11 essays on Basque women—their personal and collective stories—from the Basque Country of Europe to Basque settlements in the American West, Latin America, and Australia. This diverse collection focuses on identity, specifically Basque identity, together with the contributions of these women to their communities and to the maintenance of their culture.

As the introduction states, "Basque women have played strong diverse roles within their cultures, both that of the Basque Country and that of the Basque community spread throughout the world. The voices that have contributed to this volume pay homage to those roles in different ways. We begin with two works of fiction by Basque-American writers, each recounting a tale of childhood shaped by Basque grandmothers. The other writings are loosely arranged to carry us from fiction to personal recollection and finally to the purely academic."

 

2003, $25.00 (cloth)


Basque Cultural Studies

edited by William A. Douglass, Carmelo Urza, Linda White, and Joseba Zulaika

(Occasional Papers Series, 5)

 

Basque Cultural StudiesIn the summer of 1998, the University of Nevada, Reno hosted an international symposium entitled "Basques in the Contemporary World: Migration, Identity, and Globalization," attended by nearly eighty scholars. Selected papers from the symposium are now available in three volumes published in the Occasional Papers Series of the Basque Studies Program at the University of Nevada, Reno.

This volume contains fourteen essays on such varied topics as the origin theories of the Basque language and its viability in the contemporary world, literature, gender studies, rock music and the bertsolari (troubadour), cinema, sports, Bilbao and the Guggenheim Museum, and Basque identity in cyberspace.

 

2000, $29.95 (cloth)


Basque Politics and Nationalism on the Eve of the Millennium

edited by William A. Douglass, Carmelo Urza, Linda White, and Joseba Zulaika

(Occasional Papers Series, 6)

 

Basque PoliticsIn the summer of 1998 the University of Nevada, Reno hosted an international symposium entitled "Basques in the Contemporary World: Migration, Identity, and Globalization," attended by nearly eighty scholars. Selected papers from the symposium are now available in three volumes published in the Occasional Papers Series of the Basque Studies Program at the University of Nevada, Reno.

These eleven essays focus on Basque nationalism and institutions in the European Union in an increasingly globalized world, the image of Basques in the international media, depictions of ETA in the Spanish press and cinema, the status of Navarre and the French Basque country within (or without) Basque nationalism, and the articulation of a Basque foreign policy through the Basque Government’s diaspora policy.

 

2000, $29.95 (cloth)


The Basque Diaspora / La Diáspora Vasca

edited by William A. Douglass, Carmelo Urza, Linda White, and Joseba Zulaika

(Occasional Papers Series, 7)

 

The Basque Diaspora - La Diaspora VascaIn the summer of 1998, the University of Nevada, Reno hosted an international symposium entitled "Basques in the Contemporary World: Migration, Identity, and Globalization" attended by nearly eighty scholars. Selected papers from the symposium are now available in three volumes published in the Occasional Papers Series of the Basque Studies Program at the University of Nevada, Reno.

This multilingual volume contains eight essays in Spanish on Basques in Latin America—notably Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico, four essays in English on Basques in the western United States, and one essay in French on the Basques of Canada.

 

2000, $29.95 (cloth)


Arriaga, The Forgotten Genius. The Short Life of a Basque Composer

by Barbara Rosen

 

Arriaga

The biography of a precocious and little-known Basque composer, Juan Crisóstomo Jacobo Antonio Arriaga y Balzola (1806-1826). Born in 1806, Arriaga wrote an octet at age 11, composed his first opera when he was 13, entered the Paris Conservatory at age 15, and published his String Quartets Nos. 1, 2, & 3 when he was 18. He died in 1826 at age 20.

 

 

 

1989, $12.00 (cloth)


Essays in Basque Social Anthropology and History

edited by William A. Douglass

 

Essays in Basque social Anthropology

This volume includes fourteen essays by noted scholars in the fields of Basque anthropology, history, folklore, and immigration studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1989, $27.50 (cloth)




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