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Andoni AlonsoAndoni Alonso

is Associate Professor at the University of Extremadura, Campus of Cáceres, Spain. He had been a Research Fellow at Penn State University, where he worked closely with Carl Mitcham and Ivan Illich, and a Visiting Scholar at the University of Nevada, Reno (Basque Cyberculture: From Digital Euskadi to CyberEuskalherria; Reno: CBS, 2001). Since 1994 Alonso has worked on cyberculture and free software, and specializes on Science, Technology and Society (Carta al Homo Ciberneticus; Madrid: Edaf, 2004), particularly on the Internet and its effects on social and political movements. His interests have moved from the hidden ideology of Information Technology (La Nueva Ciudad de Dios; Madrid: Siruela, 2003) to political implications of the use of Computer Mediated Communication (La Quinta Columna Digital; Barcelona: Gedisa, 2005; Received Epson Foundation Award). Currently, he is working on communities of knowledge, with particular emphasis on the third sector, and the policy and economy of the commons. This work is carried out in the Medialab-Prado (Madrid, Spain), which implies a visualization of the commons including the third sector, free software and free culture. Curriculum Vitae.


Conference Paper: “Communities of Knowledge and the Right to Know”

Javier EcheverriaJavier Echeverria

is the William A. Douglass Distinguished Visiting Scholar 2008-09 at the Center for Basque Studies, University of Nevada, Reno, and Research Professor “Ikerbasque” (Basque Foundation for Science) at the University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain. Additionally, he leads a research project at the Institute of Philosophy, Spanish National Scientific Research Council (CSIC, Madrid, Spain). He holds degrees in Philosophy, and Mathematics as well as a PhD in Philosophy (1975) from the University Complutense, Madrid (Spain). In 1980, he obtained the grade of Docteur d’Etat-ès Lettres et Sciences Humaines, from the Université Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), Paris (France). Echeverria has conducted research in academic centers in Paris (France), Brussels (Belgium), Hannover (Germany), and Urbana-Champaign, Illinois. He has been a Professor at the University of the Basque Country, and a Research Professor of “Science, Technology and Society” at the Philosophy Institute, CSIC. Echeverria was Vice-President of the Spanish Society of the History of Sciences (1983-85), President of the Basque Association of Semiotic (1989-1992), President of the Society of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, in Spain (1993-2000), and Member of the Executive Council of the Spanish Foundation of Science and Technology (FECYT, 2002-2005). He is also a Member of the International Academy of the Philosophy of Science. He won the 1997 Euskadi Research Prize in the area of Humanities and Social Sciences, granted by the Basque Government for a lifelong research work. He also obtained the Spanish prizes “Premio Anagrama de Ensayo” in 1995 for the essay Cosmopolitas Domésticos and the “Premio Nacional de Ensayo” in 2000, which was granted by the Spanish Ministry of Culture for the essay Los Señores del Aire. Major research areas of interest include Philosophy of Science and Technology, Axiology of Science, Science, Technology and Society Studies, New Technologies of Information and Communication, and Leibniz. Among his publications are Telépolis (Barcelona: Destino, 1994), Cosmopolitas Domésticos (Barcelona: Anagrama, 1995), Los Señores del Aire: Telépolis y el Tercer Entorno (Barcelona: Destino, 1999), Introducción a la Metodología de la Ciencia: la Filosofía de la Ciencia en el Siglo XX (Madrid: Cátedra, 1999), Ciencia y Valores (Barcelona: Destino, 2002), La Revolución Tecnocientífica (Madrid: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2003), and Ciencia del Bien y el Mal (Barcelona: Herder, 2007). Echeverria has also edited the book Gobernar los Riesgos: Ciencia y Valores en la Sociedad del Riesgo (Madrid: OEI-Biblioteca Nueva, 2004, with J. L. Luján). 


Conference Paper: Values and Knowledge Transfer among Communities



1) There are different types of communities, but also different types of knowledge. That contribution will focus on the second question, starting from the philosophical hypothesis that knowledge is a plural entity, not a singular one. Consequently, we should distinguish different classes of knowledge, according to diverse criteria of classification (subject, object, structure, function, knowledge means, etc.). As a major example of knowledge plurality (categories of knowledge), we can refer to the distinction between know how, know why, know what, know where, know when, know who and know how much. Engineers, musicians and artisans constitute communities devoted to know how, philosophers and scientists to know why, commercials to know how much, guides to know where and know what, etc. Knowledge communities share a certain kind of  knowledge and, as Kuhn pointed out for the scientific communities, they share also values, and more precisely systems of values. As a first contribution, we will propose a new kind of knowledge’s justification and classification, which is based on values, and mainly on shared values, which are constituents for knowledge communities.


2) A main example of knowledge communities is provided by languages. Each language encloses a knowledge treasure (Saussure) which is shared by its users. Knowing a language implies the capability of accessing to that knowledge store, but also of using, distributing and producing more knowledge. We think that this second hypothesis is valid for natural, formal and computational languages, including musical languages. By knowing English, algebra, music reading or a programming language we obtain means to use the shared knowledge without diminishing it, and even so to produce new knowledge in each field (knowledge innovation). In this sense, any field of knowledge outlines its own endless frontier, not only scientific knowledge (V. Bush). This fact is a very important one for the economy and the society of knowledge.


3) Among different linguistic communities, the most frequent problem is their communication, that is, the transfer of knowledge among native speakers of diverse languages. Translation is the solution of that problem in the case of natural languages. However, transfer of knowledge is much more difficult among users of specialized languages. Consequently, we will argue that exchange and transfer of knowledge is a major problem among knowledge communities, because it implies a certain transfer or mixture of values.


4) Several scientific advances may be considered to be a result of processes of knowledge transfer among different scientific communities. In addition to generate knowledge in their different specialization’s fields, scientists use knowledge produced in diverse disciplines, including Arts and Humanities. They are producers, suppliers and distributors of knowledge, but they are also users of knowledge. By reinterpreting von Hippel’s (2005) proposals, we will suggest the existence of diverse sources for the advancement of knowledge. These advances arise frequently because of knowledge producers, for example scientific researchers, but sometimes the suppliers, distributors and users of knowledge become also sources of knowledge innovations. The knowledge exchange is a condition of possibility of knowledge transfer and knowledge innovation. This kind of proposals can be applied to different types of knowledge (science, technology, arts, culture) and even so to processes of knowledge transmission among communities and societies. In any case, relationships among knowledge communities are a basis of the wealth of knowledge societies.

Mari Carmen Gallastegui

is Professor of Applied Economy at the University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, and Director of the Basque Institute of Public Economy. She earned degrees in Economy from Brown University (PhD), the University of the Basque Country (PhD), London School of Economics, United Kingdom (MSc), and University of Valladolid, Spain (BA). She has been Vice Provost of the Campus of Bizkaia of the University of the Basque Country, Assistant Professor at Brown University, and Basque Visiting Fellow at St. Anthony’s College, University of Oxford. Gallastegui is the author of over fifty publications, which deal, for instance, with natural resources and environmental policy in the framework of the European Union, as well as the Basque public economic sector. Her latest research projects have been funded by the European Union and the European Commission. Major publications include “Case Study Presentation: Pontevedra Economic Presentation, PECHDEV. Case Study Presentation N. 3,” in P. Failler et al (ed. 2003) Assessment Method Reviews; Economics, Ecology and Biological Frameworks; Regional expectancies; Case study Presentations, PECHDEV REPORT N. 1. Project funded by the European Union (EU QLRT-2000-002277), CEMARE, University of Porsthmouth, UK (with J. Fernández, P. González, A. Murillas); “Una Revisión de la Política Ambiental: Perspectiva Económica,” Economistas (2003); “Bankruptcy of Fishing Resources: The Northern European Anglerfish Fishery,” Marine Resource Economics (2003) (with Elena Iñarra and Raúl Prellezo), and “La Economía Vasca: Una Panorámica Sectorial y Temporal,” Hrvatska Revijá (2002). For further information see: and

Anna Maria Guasch

Anna Maria Guasch

is Professor of Art History and Art Criticism at the University of Barcelona (Spain). She is editor of as series of contemporary art in Akal /Arte Contemporáneo (Madrid). Her recent publications include: El arte del siglo XX en sus exposiciones: 1945-1995 (1997). El arte último del siglo XX. Del postminimalismo a lo multicultural: 1968-1995 (2000) , Arte y globalización (2004), and Autobiografías visuales: Del archivo al índice (2009). She is editor of Los manifiestos del arte posmoderno. Textos de exposiciones 1980-1995 (2000), editor of Learning from the Bilbao Guggenheim (2005), La crítica dialogada. Entrevistas de arte y pensamiento (2007) and co-autor of Crítica de Arte: Historia, Teoría y praxis

(2003). She has been awarded Espais Prize of Art Criticism (1998, 2007) and ACCA Price of Art Criticism (2001). She has been granted by the Getty Research Institute (2003). Web Site.


Conference Paper: “Paris, New York and the Basque International Art Community” (Paper delivered by Joseba Zulaika)

Ander GurrutxagaAnder Gurrutxaga

is Professor at the Department of Sociology II, University of the Basque Country, Campus of Leioa (Spain). He has held various administrative positions in the University of the Basque Country as well as in the Ministry of Education of the Basque Government. Currently, he is a member of the University of the Basque Country’s Commission of Experts on the Reform of Bologna. Gurrutxaga is also a member of the editorial boards of four scientific journals, and is responsible of the Social Sciences Series of the University of the Basque Country Press. For the last ten years, he has lead fifteen research projects dealing with the following three main areas: Sociology of Innovation, Government and New Forms of Government and Social Change, and Complexity and Innovation. Additionally, for the last five years he has organized two international symposiums on Social Change, and Government and Innovation in the Knowledge Society. Gurrutxaga has been Professor and Visiting Research Scholar in the American universities of Berkeley, Santa Barbara, and San Diego in California, and Reno in Nevada as well as the Israeli universities of Tel Aviv and Hebrea in Jerusalem. He has published twelve books, over fifty articles, and has coauthored another fifteen manuscripts. Among his latest publications include Retratos del Presente (Leioa: UPV, 2006), Crisis de Occidente y Modernizaciones Posibles (Madrid: Abada, 2006), ¿Es Posible Innovar? (San Sebastián, 2006), La Responsabilidad Social Corporativa en el País Vasco (Bilbao: Paradox, 2005), La Conciencia del Nosotros (Vitoria, 2005), and El Presente del Estado-Nación (Leioa: UPV, 2004). Curriculum vitae


Conference Paper: “Communities of Knowledge,  Structural Contexts and Innovation Spaces” (Paper deliverd by Alvaro Luna)

Caroline HaythornthwaiteCaroline Haythornthwaite

is Professor and Co-Director of the Community Informatics Initiative at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Her research examines how the Internet and computer media support and affect work, learning, and social interaction, with a focus on how information and knowledge is shared through social networks, and collaborative practices are facilitated and extended through
information technologies. Haythornthwaite’s studies have examined social networks of work and media use, development and nature of community online, distributed knowledge processes, the nature and constraints of interdisciplinary collaboration, and transformative effects of the Internet and web 2.0 technologies on learning and collaborative practices. Current work focuses on identification of characteristics of online community interaction, and automated processes to support comparison across online environments. Major publications include The Internet in Everyday Life (2002, with Barry Wellman), Learning, Culture and Community in Online Education: Research and Practice (2004, with Michelle M. Kazmer), and the Handbook of E-learning Research (2007, with Richard Andrews). For further information see:


Conference Paper: Online Knowledge Crowds and Communities



While much has been written about virtual knowledge communities, particularly in how to create and sustain long-term, strong-tie relationships, the connection has not been made to newer forms of online organizing such as crowdsourcing. This paper addresses the way knowledge collectives are organized online, considering the organizational and motivational structures that support these new knowledge collectives, and constrasting the social mechanisms that support crowdsourced knowledge from those that support community-based knowledge. Examination of the literature and cases of crowds and virtual communities suggest a number of important dimensions that distinguish these two forms of organizing, including contribution type and size, personal coorientation and commitment to the knowledge topic, interpersonal ties among contributors, authority and control of contributory practices, and recognition and reward systems. Exploring these different models of organizing knowledge provides insight into the ways to establish and maintain crowd and community-based knowledge collectives, and also show why strong knowledge communities such as those found in academia come to change their knowledge distribution practices, notably from print to online publication.

Christopher Kelty

is Associate Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles and has a joint appointment in the Center for Society and Genetics and in the Department of Information Studies. His research focuses on the cultural significance of information technology, especially in science and engineering. He is the author most recently of Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software (Duke University Press, 2008), as well as numerous articles on open source and free software, including its impact on education, nanotechnology, the life sciences, and issues of peer review and research process in the sciences and in the humanities.
He is trained in Science Studies (History and Anthropology) and has also written about methodological issues facing anthropology today.
Current projects include:

  • an ethnographic study of research in nanotechnology, which focuses on new formulations of responsibility in the study of the environmental and biological implications of new materials.

  • an ongoing historical/media theoretical investigation of the development of computer science, and in particular the development of “logical instruments” such as regular expressions and l-systems.

  • a project on the history of “grey literature” in the life sciences, in particular newsletters and forms of cooperation/coordination around model organisms like the Drosophila Information Service.

  • sporadic attempts to help facilitate “radical public engagement” in science through exploring how the ideas of Free and Open Source software are taken up in biology, nanotechnology and design.

For further information see: and


Conference Paper: “The Cultural Significance of Free Software and its Derivatives”

Alvaro Luna

Alvaro Luna

Alvaro Luna García is a Graduate in Sociology, Qualified in Advanced Studies (DEA) and Masters in Innovation and Knowledge management by the University of the Basque Country.

He is pre-doctoral scholar of the Basque Government and he is doing his PhD about the concept of Social Innovation and Social Change. Ander Gurrutxaga Abad is his director.

He has participated in the research project “Risk and Climate Change in  Basque Society” and collaborates on other projects with the research group “Change, Complexity and Innovation.”


Conference Paper: “Communities of Knowledge,  Structural Contexts and Innovation Spaces” (Paper deliverd by Alvaro Luna)

Marcelino Masa

Marce Masaholds a PhD in Political Sciences and Sociology from the University of the Basque Country, and is currently a Researcher at the Department of Sociology 2, Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication at the University of the Basque Country, Campus of Leioa, Spain.


Conference Paper: "Ikastola. From the Community to the Knowledge Community. Learning and Organisational Changes"



The ‘Ikastola’ (or schools of the Basque Country where Basque is spoken) is currently involved in a process of organisational change and learning. The aim is to adapt its educational services to the new demands and challenges of the Basque society which is itself in continuous and intense transformation. The spread of Information and Communication Technologies or ICT (and especially the internet) both inside and outside educational centres constitutes one of the main reasons for this transformation.

It is regarded that ‘Ikastolas’ since their origin have formed a community nucleus. Their very existence is linked to the framework of a multiple social-educational basis in a scope of action, thought and collaboration, in greater or smaller degree, into different entity organisational structures. Concerning the knowledge society, the ‘ikastola’ is a community which is trying to provide itself with an organisational structure capable amongst others of managing knowledge effectively and optimise resources forwarded by ICT.


Carl MitchamCarl Mitcham

Mitcham is Professor of Liberal Arts and International Studies, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado. Additionally, he is a Faculty Affiliate of the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, and Adjunct Professor at the European Graduate School, Saas Fee, Switzerland. He earned degrees from the University of Colorado (BA, MA) and Fordham University (PhD) and has held faculty appointments previously at Berea College (Kentucky), St. Catharine College (Kentucky), Brooklyn Polytechnic University, and Pennsylvania State University. He has also served in visiting positions at the Universidad de Puerto Rico, Mayagüez (1988), University of Oviedo, Spain (1993), the Universities of Tilburg and Twente, Netherlands (1998), and as Fulbright Professor at the University of the Basque Country, Spain (2003-2004). Mitcham has worked to promote ethical reflection on technology in positions at Brooklyn Polytechnic University (1982-1990), Pennsylvania State University (1989-1999), and Colorado School of Mines (1999-present).  Among his recent publications is a four-volume Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics (Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2005), for which he served as Editor-in-Chief.  He is awaiting the publication of Technology and Religion: Oppositions, Sympathies, Transformations (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press), and Science, Technology, and Ethics: An Introduction (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press). For further information see: and


Conference Paper: “From Knowledge Communities to Network Communities”

Pedro J. OiarzabalPedro Oiarzabal

holds a PhD in Basque Studies-Political Science from the University of Nevada, Reno, and a MPhil in Economics and Social Sciences from Queen’s University of Belfast (N. Ireland). Currently, he is a Visiting Research Scholar at the University of Nevada, Reno since 2007. His research examines diaspora creation and diaspora interaction with information and communication technologies as well as the meaning of identity in both homeland and diaspora realities. Among his publications are La Identidad Vasca en el Mundo (Basque Identity in the World, 2005, with A. M. Oiarzabal) and A Candle in the Night: Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, 1967-2007 (2007). He is currently awaiting the publication of his volume entitled The Basque Diaspora Webscape andthe edited collection of essays entitled Reading Digital Diasporas (with Andoni Alonso). For further information see: and


Conference Paper: The Basque Digital Diaspora and Social Networking. Fast Forward, 2005-2009 (A Preliminary Analysis)



Understanding contemporary international migration as a networked-building system and a social product rather than the outcome of isolated single causes (such as the sole result of decisions made by potential migrants) or as a by-product of macro-economic and political factors provides me with a new framework from which to study the interaction of immigrant communities, diasporas, and information and communication technologies (ICTs). The creation and development of informal and formal transnational and diasporic migrant networks between individuals, groups and organizations from the country of origin and the country of settlement and among co-diaspora communities constitute webs of exchange and information and transfer of knowledge in the physical world as well as in the digital world. Migration as a networked-building system has been remarkably facilitated by ICTs as they allow migrants to create and maintain social migration networks over space and time. They facilitate flow of people between regions, countries and continents as well as diaspora formation, growth and maintenance.  Particularly, the personal computer and the access to the Internet have become routine resources among migrants and their descendants to develop, maintain and recreate those networks.
This paper presents a preliminary analysis of a longitudinal study that began in 2005 on the presence of the Basque institutional diaspora on the World Wide Web (Web). Due to the ephemeral nature of the Web the goal of this research was to track changes of such a presence over time. Consequently, between 2005 and March 2009 I studied the evolution of the usage of different digital (networking) platforms by the Basque diaspora and their potential impact on maintaining Basque identity in the diaspora. What difference do “new” online applications such as social networking sites (e.g., MySpace, Facebook), weblogs (e.g., Blogger), or podcasting (e.g., YouTube) make for diaspora associations? Are these associations truly facilitating the creation of online communities of “friends” based primordially on a common ethnicity? And why are they building new social networks of informal knowledge online?

Howard RheingoldHoward Rheingold

is a Visiting Professor at De Montfort University, United Kingdom, and a grantee of the HASTAC/MacArthur Foundation. He has been Editor of Whole Earth Review and The Millennium Whole Earth Catalog, founding Executive Editor of Hotwired, and founder of Electric Minds. Rheingold has taught as appointed lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University since 2005, and has been a Non-resident Fellow at the Annenberg Center for Communication, University of California, Berkeley, in 2007. Rheingold is the author of Tools for Thought, The Virtual Community, and Smart Mobs, and is currently involved in the following projects: The Cooperation Project and Participatory Media Literacy. As a renowned author he has spoken about the diverse aspects of new technologies of interaction and communication to numerous international professional gatherings from Bangkok, Barcelona, Helsinki, London, Tokyo, to Toronto. For further information see:


Video-Conference: “The History of the Public Sphere in the Internet Age”

Natxo RodriguezNatxo Rodriguez

holds a PhD in Fine Arts and has been a professor at the University of the Basque Country since 2000. Member of SEAC (Basque Selection of Concept Art) from 1994 until desappearing in 1998. From 1994 on is part of the Rodríguez Foundation art collective, which has organised and co-ordinated several projects, mainly related to contemporary culture and new media, these always understood as an extension of his artistic work, trough experimental projects as, for example, Estructures, Networks and Collectives. A Connective Segment (2007), TESTER (2004-2006), TV Interventions (1999- 2010), Art and Electricity (200-2004), Web-Side 1.0 (2003-2004), etc. and several digital publications in DVD, CD-ROM, web and books like “Estructures, Networks and Collectives. A Connective Segment“ (2007), “Control Panel, Critical Switches for a Surveillance Society” (2007), “TESTER. Nodes at work” (2006). Rodriguez Foundation has presented its work in international forums: Bilbao, San Sebastian, Barcelona Madrid, Salamanca, Seville, Tallinn, Helsinki. Stockholm, Graz (Austria), Nagoya (Japan), Mexico, Lima, Rio do Janeiro, Beijing, Shanghai... Until 2008 has been member of the editorial team of and the weblog about digital culture “Laburrak”. Member of the organising team of teh “Copyleft Conference” (Areleku, San Sebastian 2005) and administrator of the discussion list “Art/Copyleft”. He has also been part of the organising committee for conferences and meetings in the Faculty of Fine Arts of Leioa: “Akme 2008. Trash Culture” (2008), “Freeweek, Seminars on Free
Culture” (2007, 2008), “Punk 77+30. Relations between Punk and Art” (2007) “AKME. Arte, kultura eta medio berriak” (2006).


Conference Paper: System ERROR. Liberate memory!



Taking into account that the copyright laws sentence us to a delay of 70 years each and every time we want to access the cultural production of our times, the public domain will no longer be contemporary.

When dealing with Copyleft and free culture, we generally talk and think strictly about the times to come. Thus, we tend to project the potential problems and solutions towards the future and forget to face these issues when looking at the past. In a similar way that all the present decisions will have their corresponding impact and effect upon the future cultural commons, we need to consider the way some of the decisions taken at particular time in the past affect today.

Each new modification of the rules governing intellectual property is a new step to the detriment of the public domain, to the extent that, irrevocably, we will never be able to enjoy a truly contemporary public domain. The dialogue with the space from which our memory feeds, which supplies our imagination or where we collect whatever “makes” us enjoy, create or think, is thus sentenced to a 70 year delay.

The paradigm of free culture and copyleft shows us that there are alternatives such as sharing networks, free licenses, fluid  respositories of knowledge and copyleft files, among others, which actively contribute to the recovery and enrichment of the commons.

Peter Selz

is Professor Emeritus of Art History at the University of California, Berkeley. He earned a PhD degree from the University of Chicago and taught at the Institute of Design, and was a Professor in Moholy-Nagy’s New Bauhaus School. Selz was appointed Chief Curator of Painting and Sculpture at New York MoMA, where he sponsored Jean Tinguely’s controversial “Homage to New York” (1960). He was also a founding Director of the Berkeley Art Museum, and curator of the pioneering exhibition, “Directions of Kinetic Sculpture” (1966). Selz has authored fifteen books, from German Expressionist Painting (1957) to The Art of Engagement (2005), and numerous reviews and articles on twentieth century art.

Paper: Two Basque Sculptors

Alfonso Unceta

Alfonso Unceta


holds a PhD degree in Political Sciences and Sociology from the University of the Basque Country. Currently, he is the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication at the University of the Basque Country, Campus of Leioa, and Director of the Master of Management of Innovation and Knowledge at the University of the Basque Country. Earlier, he was Vice Minister of Education as well as Director of Universities of the Basque Government.


Conference Paper: "Ikastola. From the Community to the Knowledge Community. Learning and Organisational Changes"

(delivered by Marcelino Masa)



The ‘Ikastola’ (or schools of the Basque Country where Basque is spoken) is currently involved in a process of organisational change and learning. The aim is to adapt its educational services to the new demands and challenges of the Basque society which is itself in continuous and intense transformation. The spread of Information and Communication Technologies or ICT (and especially the internet) both inside and outside educational centres constitutes one of the main reasons for this transformation.

It is regarded that ‘Ikastolas’ since their origin have formed a community nucleus. Their very existence is linked to the framework of a multiple social-educational basis in a scope of action, thought and collaboration, in greater or smaller degree, into different entity organisational structures. Concerning the knowledge society, the ‘ikastola’ is a community which is trying to provide itself with an organisational structure capable amongst others of managing knowledge effectively and optimise resources forwarded by ICT.


Steve ZinkSteven Zink -

is Vice-President for Information Technology, and Dean of University Libraries, at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Zink holds a BS, MA, an MLS, as well as a PhD in information systems/sciences. He has authored several books and over 120 other publications on topics ranging from the 1928 presidential election in Louisiana to user interface design to technology adoption in the Jordanian banking sector. He served as Editor-in-Chief of Elsevier-Science’s Journal of Government Information for twenty years. In 1997, Louisiana State University’s Graduate School of Information Sciences named him an outstanding alumnus. Zink is a frequent consultant and lecturer in knowledge management, information retrieval, and information policy.


Conference Paper: “Legacy Scholar Institutions in the 21st Century Knowledge Economy”

Joseba ZulaikaJoseba Zulaika

received his undergraduate degree in Philosophy at the University of Deusto, Bilbao (Spain), his Masters in Social Anthropology at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, and earned his PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Princeton University. He has conducted fieldwork and published ethnographies of deep-sea fishermen, farmers, soldiers, terrorists, hunters, and artists. He has authored and edited over twenty-five books and nearly one hundred articles, including book chapters. Among Zulaika’s publications are Tratado Estético-Ritual Vasco (1987); Basque Violence: Metaphor and Sacrament (1988); Terror and Taboo: The Follies, Fables and Faces of Terrorism(with William A. Douglass, 1996);and Crónica de una Seducción: El Museo Bilbao-Guggenheim (1997). He is currently writing an ethnography of the city of Bilbao, and his research involves the study of the role of art and museums in urban regeneration and cultural change. Zulaika is Professor and Co-Director of the Center for Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno. For further information see:


Conference Paper with Anna Guasch: “Paris, New York and the Basque International Art Community” (Paper delivered by Joseba Zulaika)

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