Center for Basque Studies 2015 Events

Thursday February 25th-Saturday 28th,
5th Annual College of Liberal Arts Graduate Symposium: Constructing Humanity .
Click here for more information.
Ziortza Gandarias, Hito Norhatan, Amaia Iraizoz, and Iker Saitua will present on various topics and research interests.
Location: Mathewson-IGT Knowledge Center
Saturday, March 7, 11:00-17:00
Seminar: Guernica, the destruction of a town and the creation of a masterpiece.
Click here for more information.
An event organized by The International Brigade Memorial Trust.
Location: The Manchester Conference Center and Pendulum Hotel. Sackville St., Manchester, M1 3BB
Thursday, March 9, 10:00-16:00
Seminar: Manuel Irujo and 20th Century Basque Politics. Click here for more information.

An event organized by the Manuel de Irujo Ollo Fellowship.
Location: 8 Abercromby Square, Lecture Room 1, University of Liverpool Campus.
Event information: This seminar focuses on the figure of Manuel Irujo (1891-1981) and his impact in 20th century Basque politics. Irujo’s engagement and leadership in main political events throughout his whole life make him into one of the five most prominent politicians in the history of 20th century Basque politics. After two decades of party and parliamentary politics representing Basque nationalism at a number of institutions, he took up exile from Francoist regime in London, where he lived during World War II and led Basque efforts to achieve political agreements and recognition in the international arena. He pursued collaboration with the Churchill administration in the field of military intelligence, as a result of which an agreement between Basque secret services and British Intelligence was set up in July 1940. This is just one among a wide range of episodes that highlight Manuel Irujo’s relevance in recent Basque history. The seminar will introduce us to a number of aspects of the history of 20th Basque politics that are directly linked to Irujo’s political activity.
The Lectureship on Basque Studies has organized this event in coordination with Professor Xabier Irujo, 2014-15 recipient of the Manuel Irujo Visiting Fellowship in Basque Studies. It is a collaborative endeavor with the University of the Basque Country that is going to cover travel and accommodation expenses for up to seven speakers. The University of Liverpool would only have to contribute with catering and some hospitality expenses as per the amounts below.
Manuel Irujo’s private library was kindly donated to the University of Liverpool by his descendants in Britain as part of the arrangements that have taken place to start a new lectureship in Basque Studies at Liverpool. The seminar is therefore a most appropriate manner to present to our university community and the general public in Merseyside the relevance as a public figure of the name that has become the symbol of the University of Liverpool’s commitment to Basque Studies.
Saturday, March 12-14
Conference: Political Violence in the 20th Century (Violência Política no Século XX). Click here and here for more information.
An event organized by The Nova University of Lisbon
Location: Institute of Contemporary History (Av. Berna, 26 C, Lisboa)
Event information: Political violence has existed all along the history of mankind. However, it was especially during the 20th century when the presence of violence in conflicts for power became more noticeable, due to the high destructive capacity provided by advances in technology. The two world wars (1914-1918 and 1939-1945), as well as the Holocaust, became the symbolic representations of the violent nature of the century. While the researches on the political violence that took place in the first half of the 20th century are usually focused on political projects that led to the outbreak of the two world wars, as well as on the war itself, the interest of researchers focused, with regard to the second half of the century, on the conflicts characterized by the presence of armed groups and organizations that confronted the power of the state. Thus, intellectual and academic work coincided with the attention paid by many governments to this phenomenon. More than a decade after the end of the 20th century, we propose an international colloquium that, without renouncing to any of the topics that were dominant in recent decades, also contribute to widen our view on the various forms of political violence that characterized the 19th and 20th centuries and allow the exchange of points of view among historians and researchers on human and social sciences from different countries. Therefore, we encourage the submission of proposals of paper presentations and panels that gather information on the main topics detailed below, as well as on other issues linked with political violence — understood in a broader sense. Proposals focused on theoretical and methodological reflection, as well as those covering ongoing empirical research, are considered of interest. Main topics: War conflicts, Guerilla warfare, insurrection, armed struggle, Violation of human rights and of fundamental rights and freedoms, memory about traumatic processes of violence, clashes, riots and diffuse forms of violence, the political content of the common law acts of violence, torture and police brutality, prison and punitive and rehabilitative institutions, repressive legislation, deserters, antimilitarism and pacifism.
Monday, March 16, 15:00-17:30
Seminar: Peninsular Nationalisms Contrasted. Click here for more information
An event organized by the British Library.
Location: Conference Centre, The British Library, 96 Euston Road, London, NW1 2DB.
Event information: This seminar explores the origins of the continuing political conflict in Spain. Spain remains far from resolving the political tensions in the Basque Country (Euskal Herria), Catalunya and Galicia. This seminar will explore the origins of the conflict, its evolution in the 20th century as well as its manifestation in the present. Three speakers, Montserrat Guibernau (Queen Mary University of London), Xabier Irujo (University of Nevada, Reno) and Helena Miguélez-Carballeira (Bangor University) will each address the issue of nationalism in Catalunya, the Basque Country and Galicia respectively. The seminar will conclude with a round-table discussion chaired by Professor Kirsty Hooper (University of Warwick).
Thursday, March 19, 18:00-19:30
Seminar: The Bombing of Gernika. Click here, here, and here for more information
An event organized by the London Schools of Economics.
Location: Portugal Street, Cowdray House, 1st floor, room 1.11.
Speaker: Dr. Xabier Irujo, Centre for Basque Studies, University of Nevada.
Event information: The bombing of Gernika took place on April 26, 1937 between 16:20 and 19:40. It was the work of the Condor Legion, a unit of the Luftwaffe led by General Hugo Sperrle in the service of the Francoist Spain. The attack was designed and executed by Colonel Wolfram von Richthofen, chief of staff of the said Legion. At least 27 bombers and 32 fighters took part in the bombing: 20% of the aircraft available to general Franco in April 1937. A total of between 31 and 41 tons of explosive and incendiary bombs were dropped from 600 to 800 meters into the city center, an area of 0.4 square miles. 85.22 percent of the buildings were completely destroyed, only 1 percent remained untouched. The Basque Government registered 1,654 deaths. On April 27 Franco ordered to deny that Gernika had been bombed and blamed the Basques of having burned it. That was the official truth for 38 years. Gernika was adopted by the Generalissimo, rebuilt by prisoners of war and sold at public auction.
Thursday, March 26, 10:00-18:00
Seminar: An End to the Basque Conflict?
An event organized by the Manuel de Irujo Ollo Fellowship.
Location: TBA, University of Liverpool Campus.
Event information: ETA’s declaration of a permanent ceasefire in 2011 was followed by a turn to conventional political action by supporters of Basque independence, yet this apparent window of opportunity has not given rise to a resolution of the Basque conflict. The last three years have seen few signs of an emergent peace process, despite frequent comparisons being made between the Basque conflict and the Irish one. Why has there not been more ‘movement’ following the ceasefire? Why is there still no consensus around an agenda for reconciliation and conflict resolution efforts? From where will the initiatives come to break the impasse?
This one-day seminar at the University of Liverpool will focus on the nature of the Basque conflict and why it is still proving so difficult to resolve. The event is a collaborative initiative within the School of Histories, Languages and Cultures involving the departments of Cultures, Languages and Area Studies and Politics in collaboration with two external partners, the University of the Basque Country and the Agirre Center in the Basque Country.
Thursday, April 16-Saturday, April 18
Annual Conference of the Society for French History. Click here for more information
Dr. Sandra Ott has organized a panel "Too Harsh, Too Lenient? The Magistrature in 20th Century France and Algeria." Her paper is titled "A Thankless Task: The Magistrature and Perceptions of Post-Liberation Justice in Pau."
Location: Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado.